マルセイユへの旅「歴史博物館」History Museum of Marseille2017/12/14
History Museum of Marseille（Japanese / English)
マルセイユ歴史博物館は、ビューポートの証券取引所（センターブールス）の建物に隣接し、映画『渡洋爆撃隊』にも使われた場所。街の東西を結ぶ大通りには、the Museum of the Roman Docksもある。
紀元前49年、ユリウス・カエサルの征服により、ポカイア（古代ギリシア領）はローマの領地になった。ギリシアの特徴に加え、公共浴場や広場といった古代ローマの様式が癒合しながら、ビューポート地域は発展した。ラシドンの北側の海岸には大きな倉庫が建てられ、その一つがMuseum of the Roman Docksとして残っている。
1720年のペスト流行後は、外国やプロヴァンスなど他地域からの人々の到来によって、マルセイユは目覚ましい経済的復興を遂げた。更に、航海術の発達はマルセイユの国際化を促した。1726年に設立したAcademy of Literature, Science and the Artsは、その後の啓蒙思想や、他の地域での革命にも大きな影響を与え、マルセイユの義勇軍はパリのフランス革命にも参加した。フランスの国歌は、その時彼らが歌っていた「ラ・マルセイエーズ」である。
-港、工業、そして人々 19世紀のマルセイユ 1795~1905年
フランス第二帝政のもと、鉄道整備、ジュリエットの開港、北部の都市開発、工業化が進められた。アルプス山脈地域やイタリアから職を求めて移り住む人々も多くいた。魅力的な都市マルセイユは、金融都市の拠点として成長した。具体的には、証券取引所、裁判所、Prefecture de Marseille (県庁)などの行政や金融施設や、Le Palais des Arts(芸術の宮殿)やロンシャン宮といった学問の拠点として発展した。また、ノートルダム・ド・ラ・ガルド寺院、マルセイユ大聖堂などの宗教的重要施設もある。ボレリー公園など庭園を楽しむこともできる。
The History museum of Marseille, located at the heart of the Centre Bourse, a trading centre close to the Vieux-Port, is one of the sites of the historic Road of Marseille, the patrimonial axis which crosses the old city from East to West, bordered by the Museum of the Roman Docks.
The purpose of the architectural design is to create a close link between the city, the museum and the archeological site at the Bourse.
Visitors can learn about the history of Marseille by following a trail which links its maritime and port history. Starting with a visit to Cosquer cave and ending with the Marseille of today and tomorrow, visitors are invited to embark upon a 2,600 year journey. These collections recount the lives of the women and men, famous or unknown, who have been involved in making of the city’s history. The museum gives its visitors the opportunity to immerse themselves in the living and tangible history of the city.
– Marseille before Marseille, 60,000 to 600 BC.
The city of Marseille was founded over 2600 years ago, but the earliest human settlements in the Marseille basin date back to the Middle Paleolithic period (60,000 years BC).
You can see the evolution of the landscape and the Cosquer cave, rich with thousands of paintings and engravings, from around 27,000 BC to 18,000 BC.
– The legend of Gyptis and Prôtis, 600 to 380 BC.
Marseille history is built around a legend about the meeting of two cultures, Greek and Gallic. Around 600 BC, Greeks from Asia Minor, now Turkey, left Phocea to found a city on the Lacydon inlet. The first settlement was established. Marseille was founded.
– The world of Pythéas, 390 to 49 BC.
Marseille is a hellenistic city and is at the peak of its prosperity due to trade. It plays a major role in the distribution of Meditteranean goods as testified by the jars (amphores massaliètes) used to hold wine and oil.
– The archeological site at the Bourse, 600 BC to 18th century.
Opened to the public in 1983, this site, known as Jardin des Vestiges (garden of archeological remains) presents the findings of the first major urban archeological dig in France.
In 1967 the construction of the Centre Bourse revealed the remains and was classified as an historic monument.
The site developed around the Roman road, the Greek ramparts, and the Old Port, where the biggest Roman maritime wreck was found.
The Roman road, surrounded by burial terraces, entered the city, through a monumental gate.
– From Massalia to Massilia: the Roman city, 49 BC to 309 AD.
Conquered by Julius Caesar in 49 BC, the Phocean city became Roman, but retained its Greek character. A thermalbath, a theatre and a paved forum were built.
The old port area developed and large warehouses were set up on the northern shore of the Lacydon. The one that remains is preserved in the museum of the Roman Docks.
– From ancient city to Mediaeval town, 309 to 948.
The rise od Christianity in the Late Antiquity followed the Greek and Roman civilisations. New buildings such as the shrine of Saint-Victor and the burial church in rue Malaval, housing a venerate tomb, are exemples of this faith.
The development of housing and the activity of the port were an indication of the intensive trading throughout teh Mediterranean sea.
– Marseille in the Middle Ages, 948 to 1481.
In that long period Marseille was ruled by the Kingdom of Burgundy, then after by Louis of Anjou and then finally became part of the KIngdom of France. The inhabitants were under the leadership of the Abbey of saint-Victor and the Cathedral of la Major. In the thirteenth century the town was involved in the third Crusade of Richard the Lion Heart.
– And Marseille becomes French, 1481 to 1596.
In 1481 on the death of Charles V of Anjou, marseille was united with the crown of France.
As far as the kings of France were concerned, the port of Marseille was an asset which they intended to take advantage of trading with the Ottoman Empire.
The Italian Renaissance reached Marseille and Provence.
– Marseille and the Sun King, 1599 to 1725.
The King of France has great maritime ambitions for Marseille.
His arrival in Marseille in 1660 marked a turning point and was accompanied by economic decisions and major developments in the port and in urban areas.
The expansion in 1666 tripled the surface area of the city, but this show of strenght was stopped by the last plague epidemic in 1720 which killed half of the population.
– From enlightnment to Revolution: Marseille an international port, 1725 to 1794.
After being disrupted by the plague in 1720, Marseille’s commercial boom quickly resumed, mainly due to a huge influx of foreigners and people from elsewhere in Provence.
Trade developed even more because the art of navigation was making significant progress; the port opened to the Oceans. The Age of Enlightenment flourished in marseille mainly thanks to the Academy of Literature, Science and the Arts founded in 1726. As in other large cities, the French Revolution had a significant impact. The volunteers from Marseille supported the revolution in Paris. Therefore, the French national anthem was called the Marseillaise.
– Port, industry and men: Marseille in the nineteenth century, 1795 to 1905.
After the capture of Algiers by French troops, the population of Marseille increased dramatically, rising from 130,000 inhabitants in 1830 to 550,000 in 1905.
With the Second Empire there came a surge in urban planning projects: expanding the railways, creating new docks at la Joliette, in the north and major urban development, phasing in of industrial suburbs, where the greatest numbers of workers were from the Alpine valleys and Italy. Marseille became an attractive citty. At the same time Marseille acquired new seats of power (the Stock Exchange, the Palace of Justice, the Préfecture…), places of learning (le palais des Arts, le palais Longchamp), religious buildings (Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde,the Cathedral of la Major) and parks and gardens (parc Borély).
– Marseille, gateway to the south, 1905 to 1945.
At the start of the 20th century Marseile is a modern city marked by the opening of the ferry bridge, the development of the tramway and of cars. Migration resumed after 1918, along with refugees driven from their countries (Armenians,…) or with people who wanted to work in the factories which transformed the products from the colonial Empire. The period between the two World Wars was marked by the rise of totalitarianisms and the economic crisis. Despite this, MArseille experienced an intellectual and artistic boom centred upon figures like, Marcel Pagnol (cinema), Vincent Scotto (litterature)… The Second World War marks durably the inhabitants. Marseille became an important centre of resistance, but after November 1942 it was brutally suppressed by the Germans who destroyed teh northern districts of the Vieux-Port. In 1944, the liberation of the city by the African Army was preceded by an uprising by the people.
– Marseille, a singular and a plural city, 1945 to 2013
The city did not recover very easily from the destruction of the Second World War. In 1962 Marseille took in large numbers of repatriates from Algeria after the desintegration of the colonial Empire.
Between 1955 to 1975 the population grew, the northern districts were created and urbanisation spread up into the hills.
Marseille, port of Europe and of the Mediterranean Sea is transformed. Factories give way to services and to cultural and tourist activity.
This 26 century old city with its extraordinary geographic position, has gained new appeal in Europe, based on the development of tourism, urban planning with the Euroméditerranée project and its cultural life.
Art-Cade Gallery, Marseille-Former bath house “Les grands bains douches de la Plaine”2017/11/20
Art-Cade Gallery, Marseille-Former bath house “Les grands bains douches de la Plaine”
The ART-CADE Association was founded by Anee-Marie Pecheur and Jean Baptiste Audat in 1993 and is located at the very heart of the city of Marseille. It is a place where people can meet, exchange and experiment on the theme of art exhibitions and various cultural events. This former public baths’ establishment has now become a well-recognized exhibition center and year after year hosts projects of emerging and established artists.
Art Cade is a non-profit organisation which conducts an overall project in its very special location, bringing into play contemporary works of art that call into question the very process of creation.
Being situated in the city of Marseille signifies a deep involvement of the Association with young artists, and makes it possible to offer an open space, encourage encounters and develop a place for critique. Since its foundation in 1993, Art cade has brought together guest artists from different countries.
The artists who founded the Association intended to set up an active platform, stating modernity composed of various currents and different worlds.
The challenge has been successful over the past twenty years: music, performances, readings, culinary art, exhibitions, urban walks, exhibition beyond the city walls(Archist nomadic galleries), all disciplines: photo, video, pinting, intallation…
On view now: Sepand Danesh.
The researches of French-Iranian artist Sepand danesh are gathered in a world of silences where each gesture and each detail offer us a free reading. Every work confesses the evidence of a loneliness that is not imposed but ruled by the own history of the artist, whose family fled Iran after many years of war. Fed with a brand new french culture, and a new language he had to learn through books, Sepand Danesh applied himself to play with his double identity. From the references to the famous French writers to the notions of occidental iconography, he does not put aside the memories of Iranian life during the time of the last Chah. A work and a method lengthily considered determine the series of the paintings where the corner is the main theme. The corner illustrates the child punishment but also the inability to move forward. It is a place to commune with yourself, set or not. Some carefully thought iconographic elements nourish these vertical heights and suggest a very different interpretation to each work.
Finally, a series of little drawings realized day after day, for years, allow the artist to put ideas on a page, to tell his story and to remember-essential action for the one who escaped and had to readjust himself to a new culture.
Art Cade Gallery
35 Rue de la Bibliothèque, 13001 Marseille
本日営業 · 15時00分～19時00分
+33 4 91 47 87 92
Poulpe,Octopus,Tako,Cephalopode- The story of a famous Provence dish-2017/11/16
Poulpe,Octopus,Tako,Cephalopode- The story of a famous Provence dish-
Where does the name ‘poulpe’ come from? At the beginning of the sixteenth century, this word meant a polyp of the nose (stern), so nothing to do with an octopode! But … shortly after, the word was taken up in zoology, according to Provençal ancient “poupre”, from the Latin “polypus”. The word “pieuvre” also comes from the Latin polypus. It is a more recent word than ‘poulpe’. It is Victor Hugo who introduced it in the French language (see his novel ‘Workers of the sea’), the word being borrowed from the vocabulary of Anglo-Norman islands fishermen (Guernsey in particular).
Phoenicians use octopus in art, for the Greeks it is a symbol of ruse, they also discovered the tincture “pourpre”.
There may be a link between the Kraken, the creature of Poseidon and Perseus, who kills him after cutting off the head of the gorgon Medusa. Medusa being assured of her immortality, by the lightning of her eyes. Perseus won the battle with his shield and sword.
Back to the scents of the kitchen!
It’s very common for a foreigner in Japan to be asked if they eat octopus in their homeland.
Looking closely in the plates of South of France you will find many ways to eat it!
Octopus salad, “Daube de poulpe”(octopus stew), grilled. Seasoned with garlic, parsley, wine..
But what’s best than a grandma recipe!
Here is Jo’s recipe, italian from Piemonte who came to live with her family in Provence when she was 6.
Simplicity at its best! The octopus is cooked in olive oil, garlic, pepper, espelette spice, thyme, rosemary, fenel, laurel. Add water and let it cooked on a low fire for an hour. Delicious with aioli(a Provencal dish made of mayonnaise and garlic and served with boiled vegetables) or simply on some grilled bread or potatoes. To pair with a rose or a white Coteaux d’Aix!
Le Sommelier- Cellar shop, Marseille.2017/11/13
Le Sommelier- Cellar shop, Marseille.
Le Sommelier is one of the oldest cellar shop in Marseille and offers more than 750 references. Nicole Richard-Vespieren father, a former dentist, decided to change profession in 1979 and after a diploma in oenology he opened his first cellar shop in Endoume area, a long time dream.
When his daughter Nicole decided to continue her father work she followed his path and studied oenology, as she’s always knew the importance to understand how things are made.
She is also a member of the French Sommelier Association and the vice president of the Commerce Chamber of Marseille.
Her husband started to work with her 20 years ago and they opened their second cellar shop 42 Rue de Rome.
Since then they have been working closely with the vine growers of Provence and Rhone’s Valley. Their two cellars offer to their customers a different selection throughout the seasons. Taking care to specify the method of agriculture practiced by the vine grower: lutte raisonee, biodynamy or organic farming.
They also have on offer Whiskeys from all around the world, renowned Champagnes, Cognacs or Armagnac of all ages and a delicatessen corner with caviar from Aquitaine, foies gras Lafitte and specialties of Provence.
A delivery service of boxes is offered with a personalized selection of wines.
Nicole’s selection changes also every year, she always pays great attention to the weather. For example 2016 was very hot so the rose is lacking acidity in some areas in Provence.
Jury’s member of the magazine Rosé, published annually she is the founder of the 1st Rosé Festival taking place from 13th until 21st of June in Marseille.
At this occasion conferences are organised, along with wine tastings at the cellar shop and some partner shops near by. It ends with the “Music Day”(fête de la musique), the day of music celebration in France.
42 Rue de Rome, 13001 Marseille
営業 · 10時00分～13時00分, 14時30分～19時00分
+33 4 91 33 53 53
Friche de l’Escalette- Parc de sculpture et d’architecture légère (Sculpture and light architecture park)- Marseille2017/11/8
Friche de l’Escalette- Parc de sculpture et d’architecture légère (Sculpture and light architecture park)- Marseille
The Friche de l’Escalette recycles the ruins of an old lead factory that worked from 1851 to 1925. An industrial heritage landmark, its superb natural site on the rugged coast south of Marseilles is now part of the Parc National des Calanques.
A modern and contemporary sculpture and lightweight architecture display for visits by small groups led by a guide is being laid out there. The itinerary salutes the vernacular “cabanon”- the holiday-weekender, and will cover the period running from Jean Prouvé to the plastic utopias of the 60s and 70s.
Éric Touchaleaume, a Parisian galerist, is a fervent supporter of the modernist heritage in danger. In 2007, he sold his gallery of 54 Rue Mazarine in Paris for the Hotel Martel in Mallet-Steven, the apartment of the sculptor Jan Martel, occupying the second and third floor which he restored, then the vast Atelier Martel of the ground- floor.
In love with the city of Marseille he bought in 2011 the Friche de l’Escalette, to create this project unpublished.
For its second summer exhibition, Architecture-Art-Ameublement, the Friche de l’Escalette presents from July 1 to September 30, 2017, “Plastic Utopia”, original plastic bubbles scattered in the ruins of the old lead factory.
These are rare testimonies of futuristic plastic habitats, from the late sixties to the early seventies, whose faded out with the oil crisis of 1973.
To discover : The Hexacube of Georges Candilis (1913-1995) and Anja Blomstedt (1937), of 1972. This talented collaborator of Le Corbusier ( particularly their collabration, for five years, on the site of the Cité Radieuse of Marseille) is the creator of the holiday villages. Inspired by his native Greece, Port-Leucate and Port-Barcarès, between 1964 and 1972, now classified as Historic Monuments.
Since the site is under a conservation order, the sculpture and architecture park, will have minimum impact on the poetic dimension of the rocky coastal terrain.
It will evolve slowly with each summer, inviting a discerning public to follow its organic growth year by year.
address: Route des Goudes, impasse de l’Escalette
Free entrance for group of 15 people
Open everyday from July 1st to September 3rd, 4 visits/day
Booking at: email@example.com