３/４（土）『野生酵母仕込みの無濾過ワインが並ぶ 無料試飲＆販売会』～南仏 プロヴァンス＆南ローヌワイン～
Domaine de la Vieille Julienne
le Clos du Caillou
Domaine du Gros Nore
【南仏ワイン専門店 aVin (アヴァン）】
History Museum of Marseille-2017/2/20
History Museum of Marseille-
The History museum of Marseille, located at the heart of the Centre Bourse, a trading centre close to the Vieux-Port, is one of the sites of the historic Road of Marseille, the patrimonial axis which crosses the old city from East to West, bordered by the Museum of the Roman Docks.
The purpose of the architectural design is to create a close link between the city, the museum and the archeological site at the Bourse.
Visitors can learn about the history of Marseille by following a trail which links its maritime and port history. Starting with a visit to Cosquer cave and ending with the Marseille of today and tomorrow, visitors are invited to embark upon a 2,600 year journey. These collections recount the lives of the women and men, famous or unknown, who have been involved in making of the city’s history. The museum gives its visitors the opportunity to immerse themselves in the living and tangible history of the city.
– Marseille before Marseille, 60,000 to 600 BC.
The city of Marseille was founded over 2600 years ago, but the earliest human settlements in the Marseille basin date back to the Middle Paleolithic period (60,000 years BC).
You can see the evolution of the landscape and the Cosquer cave, rich with thousands of paintings and engravings, from around 27,000 BC to 18,000 BC.
– The legend of Gyptis and Prôtis, 600 to 380 BC.
Marseille history is built around a legend about the meeting of two cultures, Greek and Gallic. Around 600 BC, Greeks from Asia Minor, now Turkey, left Phocea to found a city on the Lacydon inlet. The first settlement was established. Marseille was founded.
– The world of Pythéas, 390 to 49 BC.
Marseille is a hellenistic city and is at the peak of its prosperity due to trade. It plays a major role in the distribution of Meditteranean goods as testified by the jars (amphores massaliètes) used to hold wine and oil.
– The archeological site at the Bourse, 600 BC to 18th century.
Opened to the public in 1983, this site, known as Jardin des Vestiges (garden of archeological remains) presents the findings of the first major urban archeological dig in France.
In 1967 the construction of the Centre Bourse revealed the remains and was classified as an historic monument.
The site developed around the Roman road, the Greek ramparts, and the Old Port, where the biggest Roman maritime wreck was found.
The Roman road, surrounded by burial terraces, entered the city, through a monumental gate.
– From Massalia to Massilia: the Roman city, 49 BC to 309 AD.
Conquered by Julius Caesar in 49 BC, the Phocean city became Roman, but retained its Greek character. A thermalbath, a theatre and a paved forum were built.
The old port area developed and large warehouses were set up on the northern shore of the Lacydon. The one that remains is preserved in the museum of the Roman Docks.
– From ancient city to Mediaeval town, 309 to 948.
The rise od Christianity in the Late Antiquity followed the Greek and Roman civilisations. New buildings such as the shrine of Saint-Victor and the burial church in rue Malaval, housing a venerate tomb, are exemples of this faith.
The development of housing and the activity of the port were an indication of the intensive trading throughout teh Mediterranean sea.
– Marseille in the Middle Ages, 948 to 1481.
In that long period Marseille was ruled by the Kingdom of Burgundy, then after by Louis of Anjou and then finally became part of the KIngdom of France. The inhabitants were under the leadership of the Abbey of saint-Victor and the Cathedral of la Major. In the thirteenth century the town was involved in the third Crusade of Richard the Lion Heart.
– And Marseille becomes French, 1481 to 1596.
In 1481 on the death of Charles V of Anjou, marseille was united with the crown of France.
As far as the kings of France were concerned, the port of Marseille was an asset which they intended to take advantage of trading with the Ottoman Empire.
The Italian Renaissance reached Marseille and Provence.
– Marseille and the Sun King, 1599 to 1725.
The King of France has great maritime ambitions for Marseille.
His arrival in Marseille in 1660 marked a turning point and was accompanied by economic decisions and major developments in the port and in urban areas.
The expansion in 1666 tripled the surface area of the city, but this show of strenght was stopped by the last plague epidemic in 1720 which killed half of the population.
– From enlightnment to Revolution: Marseille an international port, 1725 to 1794.
After being disrupted by the plague in 1720, Marseille’s commercial boom quickly resumed, mainly due to a huge influx of foreigners and people from elsewhere in Provence.
Trade developed even more because the art of navigation was making significant progress; the port opened to the Oceans. The Age of Enlightenment flourished in marseille mainly thanks to the Academy of Literature, Science and the Arts founded in 1726. As in other large cities, the French Revolution had a significant impact. The volunteers from Marseille supported the revolution in Paris. Therefore, the French national anthem was called the Marseillaise.
– Port, industry and men: Marseille in the nineteenth century, 1795 to 1905.
After the capture of Algiers by French troops, the population of Marseille increased dramatically, rising from 130,000 inhabitants in 1830 to 550,000 in 1905.
With the Second Empire there came a surge in urban planning projects: expanding the railways, creating new docks at la Joliette, in the north and major urban development, phasing in of industrial suburbs, where the greatest numbers of workers were from the Alpine valleys and Italy. Marseille became an attractive citty. At the same time Marseille acquired new seats of power (the Stock Exchange, the Palace of Justice, the Préfecture…), places of learning (le palais des Arts, le palais Longchamp), religious buildings (Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde,the Cathedral of la Major) and parks and gardens (parc Borély).
– Marseille, gateway to the south, 1905 to 1945.
At the start of the 20th century Marseile is a modern city marked by the opening of the ferry bridge, the development of the tramway and of cars. Migration resumed after 1918, along with refugees driven from their countries (Armenians,…) or with people who wanted to work in the factories which transformed the products from the colonial Empire. The period between the two World Wars was marked by the rise of totalitarianisms and the economic crisis. Despite this, MArseille experienced an intellectual and artistic boom centred upon figures like, Marcel Pagnol (cinema), Vincent Scotto (litterature)… The Second World War marks durably the inhabitants. Marseille became an important centre of resistance, but after November 1942 it was brutally suppressed by the Germans who destroyed teh northern districts of the Vieux-Port. In 1944, the liberation of the city by the African Army was preceded by an uprising by the people.
– Marseille, a singular and a plural city, 1945 to 2013
The city did not recover very easily from the destruction of the Second World War. In 1962 Marseille took in large numbers of repatriates from Algeria after the desintegration of the colonial Empire.
Between 1955 to 1975 the population grew, the northern districts were created and urbanisation spread up into the hills.
Marseille, port of Europe and of the Mediterranean Sea is transformed. Factories give way to services and to cultural and tourist activity.
This 26 century old city with its extraordinary geographic position, has gained new appeal in Europe, based on the development of tourism, urban planning with the Euroméditerranée project and its cultural life.
Restaurant l’Entre Pots-Marseille2017/2/9
Restaurant l’Entre Pots-Marseille
Open Tuesday to Friday, only in the evening. Concerts Friday and Saturday evenings with tango on Tuesdays nights.
Owned by Pablo Martinez, fine wine “connaisseur” with argentinian origins.
The wine bar is also a popular cellar shop with a great offer of wines with an emphasis on Provence, Rhone Valley and Languedoc wines. With also a beautiful selection of wines from all around the world.
Warm atmosphere with a lively terrasse opens on the street until midnight where you can stay for few hours after a concert or returning from the sea. The biggest surprise is the high quality and perfect cooking of the argentinian meat. You can enjoy a 250g to 500g ribsteak(from 12,50 euros), black blood sausage, tenderloin, wines glass from 2,5 to 6 euros, bottle 14,50 to 70 euros. Also a great selection of side dishes and cheeses.
Tél: 09 50 78 40 05,
22 Cours Joseph Thierry
Métro/tramway: Réformés Canebière
In the Michelin “Guide vert”.