Le Mole Passedat Restaurant: les aperos du Mole-MuCEM, Marseille.2017/11/29

Le Mole Passedat Restaurant: les aperos du Mole-MuCEM, Marseille.


Le Mole Passedat Restaurante1 Le Mole Passedat Restaurante6 Le Mole Passedat Restaurante2 Le Mole Passedat Restaurante4


Perched on the roof of the MuCEM, Le Mole Passedat offers an unbeatable view of the Mediterranean and Marseille Cathedral La Major.
Cuisine and culture according to Gerald Passedat-
Le Petit Nice’s three star chef, Gerald Passedat, wanted to partner with the MuCEM because food is an integral part of Mediterranean culture.
To create Le Mole Passedat, the chef devised multiple spaces dedicated to its discovery: a restaurant with a panoramic view and a terrace on which to savour his cuisine, a bistro serving its own variations on mezze, food stands serving quick and tasty bites, a cafe at Fort Saint-Jean for traditional cuisine, a cooking school and a Mediterranean kitchen garden. Varied culinary offerings are preserving the spirit of the chef’s cuisine:
– Mediterranean cuisines
– Seasonal produce
– An immense flavour palette to discover

Les aperos du Mole will be held every thursdy of June and July on the terrasse of the restaurant. Selection of Tapas, dj set, from 8:00pm.
Booking essential 0033491191781

The MuCEM-

In Marseille, the Mucem stands out as a great museum dedicated to the Mediterranean.
What makes the Mucem so unique is that it recounts, analyses and sheds light on the ancient foundations of this cradle of civilization and the tensions running through it since that time, all in the same place and with the same passion. Also that it is a platform for discussions about Mediterranean issues.

Both its exhibitions and its cultural programmes offer a multidisciplinary vision that combines anthropology, history, archaeology, art history and contemporary art to show the public the multiple facets of the Mediterranean world and its ongoing dialogue with Europe.

Its roots:
As the first museum devoted to Mediterranean cultures, the Mucem is a completely novel structure. The product of the metamorphosis of a major societal museum – the Museum of Popular Arts and Traditions, created in Paris in 1937 –, it represents the first real conversion of a museum from national to regional. The Mucem Museum of the Civilizations of Europe and the Mediterranean opened in Marseille in June 2013. By the following year, it had joined the ranks of the 50 most visited museums in the world.

The Mucem encompasses three sites. Along the sea, at the entrance to the Old Port, the J4 building (Rudy Ricciotti’s and Roland Carta’s symbolic architectural creation) and the Fort Saint-Jean, a fully restored historical monument, are the perfect embodiment, with their two footbridges, of the idea of building a connection between both shores of the Mediterranean. They host major exhibitions and artistic and cultural programming events. In town, in the Belle de Mai district, the CCR Centre for Conservation and Resources houses the museum’s collections. This unique grouping allows the MuCEM to offer a multitude of cultural activities.

The Mucem is interested in the contemporary aspects of European and Mediterranean civilizations. Its collections include more than 350,000 objects, as well as a large assortment of documents, comprising a total of a million works of art, documents and objects, an extraordinary treasure trove that is promoted by means of an ambitious programme of permanent and temporary exhibitions.

The 21st century museum aims to be a real cultural centre covering a vast swath of history, making use of all the disciplines of the humanities and social sciences and displaying artistic expressions from both shores of the Mediterranean.

A Mediterranean crossroads:
The museum’s goal is to promote Mediterranean heritage, take part in the creation of new exchanges in the region and, during this period of profound upheaval, help to lay the foundations for the Mediterranean world of tomorrow. In Marseille, the Mucem is a place where, on both a national and an international scale, people can come to gain a better understanding of the Mediterranean.


Le Mole Passedat Restaurante3 Le Mole Passedat Restaurante5 Le Mole Passedat Restaurante8


7 Prom. Robert Laffont, 13002 Marseille
本日営業 · 10時00分~22時00分
LeMole Passedat
1 Esplanade du J4, 13002 Marseille
本日営業 · 12時15分~14時30分, 19時30分~22時30分

Provence reds: know your vintages2017/11/21

Provence reds: know your vintages


Provence reds know your vintages1 Provence reds know your vintages2 Provence reds know your vintages3


2016: A smaller vintage than the two preceding years, but well balanced with fresh fruit. Looks promising.
2015: Quality is exceptional; Bandol reds oustanding. Volumes a little down.
2014: Quality better than growers feared, after a cooler than usual summer and storms.
2013: A cool, slow spring, warm summer and severe hail storms. Good vintage for fresh, delicate whites and roses, but reds are light to mid-weight, largely not for long storage.
2012: Fresh, elegant roses. Concentrated whites with marked acidity, best will keep. Restrained, balanced reds, Coteaux Varois Syrah stands out. Volumes down by 20%.
2011: Elegant roses, well-defined reds, especially Coteaux Varois&d’Aix. Bandol successful, structured; best will need cellaring.

Decanter magazine, September 2017.

History of the Wine and the Avignon Popes-2017/10/20

We know a surprising amount today about the drinking habits of the Avignon Popes, who promoted wine-growing in the Rhône area, most famously around Châteauneuf du Pape.
Each pontiff had very particular tastes. And they and their entourages quaffed prodigious amounts of the stuff, judging by the accounts of the apostolic chamber.
Apparently in the course of a normal week, over 10,000 litres of wine were consumed by the papal entourage, 1,000 litres at the Pope’s table alone.
Elsewhere, the accounts estimate wine consumption in the Palace at two and a half litres per person per day.
And that was nothing compared to major feasts. When Clement VI – the bon vivant of the Avignon Popes – was coronated in 1342, 160,000 litres of wine were drunk in the Palais des Papes alone, and wine fountains flowed freely in the city itself for four weeks.
The wine was not always of the finest quality and did not keep for long. The bottlers added spices to disguise the taste and help preserve it, and the Popes would sip this brew in their chambers for medicinal purposes.
Around 16 people worked in the papal cellars: three or four bottlers, a dozen assistants and a scribe thanks, presumably, to whom we know all of the above.

chateau neuf du pape



The wines on the menu at the Palais des Papes:

Vines were already being enthusiastically cultivated by clergy in the area well before the first Avignon Pope, Clement V, arrived there in 1309.
Monks had cleared land and created vineyards along the banks of the Rhône river north of Avignon and in 1157, Geoffroy, the Bishop of Avignon, set up his own personal estate in Châteauneuf, then known as Calcenier.
By the 13th century the village, with its 1000 inhabitants, had grown rich and developed a flourishing vineyard of approximately 300 hectares / 740 acres.
Clement V was formerly Archbishop of Bordeaux before becoming Pope and relocating the papacy to Avignon. As plain Bertrand de Goth, he already owned a plot of land in Pessac, near Bordeaux which he had planted with vines in 1300.
The oldest vineyard in Bordeaux, it’s today called Château Pape Clément in his honour, producing a prized grand cru classé wine.
After becoming Pope, Clement V initially continued to prefer claret but, on arriving in Avignon, planted a vineyard there near Châteauneuf.

Clement V’s successor, John XXII, was more partial to a drop of Burgundy, but also encouraged local wine production. It was he who built the castle at Châteauneuf du Pape (the name means, literally, “the Pope’s new castle”) to escape the oppressive summer heat in Avignon.
A vineyard was planted there in 1317 and under his papacy the term Vin du Pape was coined. The Château itself (pictured above) was destroyed during the Second World War, but the ruins still dominate the surrounding countryside.
And there’s more: the story goes that, while visiting the small town of Valréas in what’s now Northern Provence, Pope John fell ill and was given some local Côtes du Rhône wine to perk him up.
It worked. So much so that the Pope bought Valréas to ensure a regular supply.
His successors added more territory including nearby villages such as Richerenches and Visan. To this day the area is known as the Enclave des Papes.
The severe Pope Benedict XII served only local wines from the right bank of the Rhône at his table. Nonetheless the poet Francesco Petrarch rudely described him as an “inveterate drunkard”.
His successor, Clement VI, intended to pull out the stops during his papacy. For his coronation, he ordered 15 barrels of muscat wine from the Languedoc and Toulon and another 24 barrels from Burgundy.
He was happy to drink provençal wine, wine from Poitou, Rhone wine and Ligurian wine, not forgetting all the other wines his predecessors had enjoyed. Just about anything really, it seems. He died in 1352 of renal failure.
One of the first thing Innocent VI did, upon becoming Pope, was to change the date of a religious procession so as not to disturb the grape harvest. A relatively abstemious man, he preferred local wines, especially red and Châteauneuf du Pape.
Urban V hoped to bring the papacy back to Rome, but ran up against one serious obstacle. According to Petrarch, his cardinals refused to accompany him because they had become too fond of the Beaune wines they’d been drinking in France.
“They did not believe they could lead a happy life without this liquor,” Petrarch wrote. “They regarded this wine as a nectar of the gods.”
When Urban V did return to Italy for two years, he made sure to strike a deal first with the Doge of Venice, so that he could import French wines via the Venetian port to keep his team contented. He also planted vineyards around Rome to ensure a supply of quality wines.

Back in Avignon, Urban V discovered a taste for the wines and preserved fruits of Apt, and also developed the Châteauneuf vineyard by ordering it to be planted with muscat grapes.
The last of the official Avignon Popes, Gregory XI remained loyal to the muscat grape and the wines of Apt.
Ecclesiastical records suggest that a promotion to cardinal or a stay of an excommunication could be secured by offering the Pope a particularly fine vintage. He too died of renal failure.
After the return of the papacy to Rome, the pontiffs there managed to import wine from Provence. Meanwhile back in Avignon, the anti-popes were continuing to enjoy the local wines and the first of these, Clement VII, broadened his repertoire, ordering 95 barrels of sweet Greek wine from Rhodes.
Benedict XIII, the second and last of the Avignon anti-popes, came from Spanish Catalonia and favoured wines from French Catalonia.
In 1395 talks were held to heal the papal schism and barrels of fine Beaune wine were brought in to lubricate the discussion.
Alas the wine was corked, the talks broke down and Benedict eventually slunk back to Spain, the schism unmended.

Grape Varietiesブドウ品種2017/4/21






(ドメーヌグロノレ ムールヴェドル品種)


Grenache noir  グルナッシュノワール


Syrah  シラー


Mourvedre  ムールヴェドル



Cinsaut  サンソー

ローヌ地方、ラングドック地方、ルーション地方の他、北アフリカ、コルシカ、オーストラリア、イタリア南部、レバノンでも栽培されている。温暖な気候を必要とし、乾燥や強風には強い。ローヌ地方のシャトーヌフデュパプでは1980年代以降次第に栽培が減少し、2009年時点では全体の2.6%ほどとなった。収穫量を抑えた栽培と醸造技術により、程よい酸、タンニンは低め、濃い色調で、香り、バランスのとれた特徴的なワインを生み出す。ローズ、アーモンド、イチゴのアロマが感じられる。痩せて乾いた土壌が適したこの品種は、 グルナッシュやシラーとのアサンブラージュに用いられ、グルナッシュの高いアルコール度とカリニャンの収斂性とのバランスの上に、 しなやかさを持つ赤ワインを生み出している。プロヴァンス地方や地中海沿岸では、ロゼワインにも使用される。


Counoise クノワーズ





(ファンキーシャトー シャルドネ)


Grenache Blanc グルナッシュブラン



Clairette クレレット



Bourboulenc ブールブラン



Southern Rhone 南ローヌ2017/4/18


ローヌ渓谷南部に位置するアヴィニョンはかつて教皇庁が置かれた街で、真夏の演劇祭 “Festival d’Avignon” で有名。









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